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Trust me - the psychological benefits of hiking ARE real!
Have you ever indulged in a two-day Netflix binge and realized after 48 hours that your body is withering away into the shape of couch potato?
Maybe you took breaks in between episodes and went for a quick walk down the street. Perhaps your legs felt a little burn, but did this erase the internal guilt of obsessive TV watching?
These jaunts do little for your physical well being let alone your mental health.
Surprised? You shouldn’t be. There is an actual science to back the differences between just ‘taking a walk’ and going for a hike through the woods.
If you can’t remember the last time you went hiking out in nature, this could attribute to any heightened stress levels, anxiety, or general feeling of disconnect you are experiencing.
It can be challenging to find time in your busy life to spend outdoors. But there is significant scientific evidence supporting the age-old idiom “take a hike.”
Sometimes your overwhelming schedule and task-oriented mindset leave you feeling like your own life is telling you to “take a hike”.
The truth? To relieve yourself from the constant stress of juggling responsibilities — you should listen. The mental benefits of hiking extend beyond the obvious.
Short on time? Try hiking once a week.
You’ll be amazed at how different you’ll begin to feel.
Scientists have conducted many nature and mental health studies exploring the connections between psychological well-being and exposure to nature. The results are in: Hiking is good for the head (not to mention the body, heart, and soul).
Researchers at Stanford University have spent decades studying the effects of hiking on the psyche. They conclude that time spent in nature has a measurable positive impact on mental health and could even diminish the destructive effects associated with depression and anxiety.
The best part? Exposure to nature doesn’t have to equate to an intensive multi-day trek through the middle of untouched wilderness.
On the contrary, a simple stroll through any natural area — even if it’s in the center of a concrete jungle such as New York City — has a relaxing effect on parts of the brain linked to mental illness.
The beneficial recipe? Nature and vigorous movement — you need both elements.
Depression and anxiety might seem like they’re on opposite ends of the mental health spectrum, but that’s far from the truth. They’re extremely functionally related.
Anxiety is defined as unease related to an uncertain outcome, while depression is described as a persistent feeling of loss of interest.
What’s the common denominator? Lack, unease, and loss.
How does hiking come into play?
Similar to how medications can synthetically fill neurotransmitters in the brain with substances they’re lacking, such as serotonin or dopamine, hiking delivers the same benefits — in a two-for-one package.
The tranquility of being out in nature has long been associated with raising serotonin levels — and the same can be said of exercise. When you combine the two, you’re left with a pretty effective mental health regulator.
Furthermore, getting out in nature doesn’t just improve your mental state. The benefits reach beyond your head into your heart and body as well, helping to heal both emotional trauma and pesky physical ailments.
War veterans have found peace in thru-hiking some of the country’s most rugged trails. Victims of sexual abuse have been documented utilizing backpacking trips as a way to not only restart their lives in a heathy manner, but come to terms with the past.
Haunting memories seem much less daunting when surrounded by the sound of tweeting birds, branches swaying in the wind, and having your physical body rooted in the present.
Spending time in nature has been scientifically proven to be good for the heart, both physiologically and figuratively. Not only can hitting the trail decrease blood pressure and cholesterol levels — thereby reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and strokes — but it can also improve your mood and general outlook on life.
The sights, sounds, and smells of nature can calm your busy mind and soothe your tired soul. This transforms you into a more emotionally balanced and positive person, which in turn leads to more creativity and natural energy.
Who needs caffeine when you can step outside and take one whiff of ambrosial pine to get the same uplifting effect?
Plus, when you’re moving your body through a natural space full of blossoming flowers, trilling birds, and deeply rooted trees, you’ll get a boost of serotonin to your brain.
Serotonin is the chemical responsible for feelings of happiness and well-being. So, while your body is getting the exercise it needs to survive, your brain is also working out. This contributes to a general feeling of positivity and calm.
Still uncertain? After a bad day, take a stroll down a wooded trail or along a sandy beach and ask yourself how you feel.
Walking on flat terrain involves moving the legs in a forward direction on a level surface and doesn’t require a significant exertion of energy. But hiking often means traveling across uneven surfaces, such as mountainous terrain or sandy beaches.
This increases your body’s natural output of energy by up to 28%, according to a study conducted by the University of Michigan. This study also found that walking on uneven terrain (a.k.a “hiking”) changes the way muscles in the legs lengthen or shorten, depending on the severity of the slope, curve, or incline.
In turn, this increases the total amount of energy your body expends during a hike. This means you can burn 400 - 700 calories on a single hike, depending on the difficulty.
That’s not bad for a stroll through the woods! In short, hiking increases energy expenditure, thereby making it a far more beneficial form of exercise than walking on flat, man-made surfaces.
Hiking on rough or uneven ground also encourages the body to utilize muscles in the hips, knees and ankles that otherwise may not be getting the use they need.
It’s important to use these muscles in this way to keep them healthy and limber as you age. That’s why hiking can also improve balance and stability — if done in moderation and with guidance.
While burning calories might be of utmost importance when you’re younger, as you age factors like balance and flexibility come into play, and this is where hiking differentiates itself from its more common pavement-pounding friend.
Of course hiking is full of its own inherent risks — like any outdoor activity — but the benefits far outweigh the potential hazards associated with improper technique.
An additional way to boost your mood is to bring some friends along for a hike. Who doesn’t love going for a long walk while catching up with an old friend or getting to know a new acquaintance?
Researchers from the University of London recently studied the effects of immersing people into nature for four days without technology. The results were astonishing.
They found that sustained exposure to the natural world not only improved higher-level cognitive functioning, such as problem solving and creativity, but also made participants feel more connected to the people they spent time with in the wilderness.
Lay down your phone and refrain from incessantly checking your email for an hour. Instead, go for a focused, rigorous walk down a natural trail.
While the activity may seem difficult at first, the rewards will be worth the struggle. Hiking will help you find relaxation and focus in your daily life.
After a respite in the woods, you will also feel more connected to the people you wander with.
The next day you have a chunk of free time, make sure to grab a close friend — or maybe a co-worker you’ve been meaning to reach out to — and head out on a hike.
You will both feel a lot better as you soak in the beauty of the surrounding landscape, inhale the soothing fragrances in the air, and stretch your limbs as you amble down the trail.
If you’re looking for an equally fun, invigorating, healthy, and affordable activity — hiking is an all-in-one package.
How has hiking helped your mental and emotional well-being? Share your story in the comments...
Andrew's love for the outdoors began at an early age growing up in the midwest farmland and taking family vacations out west. Being a dreamer with his head in the clouds most moments make the mountains the perfect location for him. He hasn't met a false summit he doesn't like yet!
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